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Multi-functional toner, 150 ml

with hyaluronic acid, sodium PCA and niacinamide pH 5.0-5.5, pH 5.0-5.5
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€17,99
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    Description

    This multi-tasking facial toner contains 3% niacinamide, and 1% sodium PCA to balance skin pH, brighten skin, maintain moisture, and treat acne before subsequent skincare steps. Transepidermal water loss can be reduced by Niacinamide, also known as Vitamin B3, to increase the moisture levels of the skin. In addition, it improves epidermal proteins such as keratin, filaggrin, and involucrin production [1-3]. Restoring the proper moisture level of the skin is best achieved with Sodium PCA compared to glycerol [4]. Hyaluronic acid is a great supporter of human skin and can help you with wound healing too [5]. Collagen production stimulation, skin pigmentation improvement, and suitability for sensitive, dry skin or problems such as acne and rosacea are among the benefits linked to lactic acid [6]. The antifungal, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties of Zinc PCA (L-pyrrolidone carboxylate zinc salt) make it a useful treatment for skin conditions like acne or seborrheic dermatitis [7-9]. Repeated application of this toner can minimize skin irritations and redness and heighten the efficacy of the skincare products used afterward.

    Benefits:

    • Maintains and balances the skin's pH level to promote its health and vitality;
    • Prepares the skin for subsequent care steps and enhances the absorption of other skincare products;
    • Cleanses the skin and promotes a more even complexion;
    • Effective against acne and helps prevent breakouts;
    • Soothes and reduces skin redness and irritation;
    • Appropriate for all skin types and ages.
    How to use

    Apply the toner after cleansing your face as the second step in your skincare routine, and before applying serum. Dampen a cotton pad with the toner and gently spread it over your face and neck. This should be done twice daily, once in the morning and once in the evening.

    Important precautions: This product is meant for external use only. If you have a known allergy to any of the ingredients, avoid using it. Keep it out of reach of children.

    Ingredients

    AQUA, NIACINAMIDE, PROPANEDIOL, SODIUM PCA, ZINC PCA, SODIUM HYALURONATE, GLYCERIN, LACTIC ACID, CAPRYLYL GLYCOL, PHENYLPROPANOL.

    Scientific validity

    The transfer of melanosomes can be hindered by niacinamide, an active cosmetic ingredient, making it appropriate for pigmented skin [10]. The agent niacinamide could also hinder the release of chemokines which have inflammatory properties so it is suitable for acne bacteria and is effective for acne-affected or pigmented skin. [2].

    The production of epidermal proteins is boosted by niacinamide while preventing skin redness from glycation [11]. Niacinamide can also improve the appearance of skin with acne damage, rosacea, dermatitis, or psoriasis [12].

    The skin's protective barrier can be restored with Sodium PCA, a component of the natural skin moisturizing factor or NDF [13]. The presence of hyaluronic acid in this product can help reduce skin irritations and wrinkles caused by premature aging while also hydrating the skin due to its compatibility with human skin [5].

    At 5% or higher, lactic acid is an integral ingredient in this product, effectively treating pigmented skin issues with its exfoliating properties. Sun-damaged skin can be treated effectively due to its antioxidant properties [15]. Lactic acid (sodium lactate) is a natural skin moisturizing factor or NDF component that moisturizes the skin by binding water in it. Ceramide production is boosted in the skin, improving its protective barrier, retaining moisture, and resulting in fewer fine lines and firmer skin [14].

    With Zinc PCA's ability to prevent UVA-induced metalloproteinase-1 production that breaks down collagen, it becomes a crucial ingredient that stimulates collagen production, helping to fight hyperpigmentation and photoaging [16]. Due to its antifungal, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties, this ingredient is appropriate for treating skin issues, including seborrheic dermatitis or acne [7-9].

    Reference list

    [1] OBLONG,
    J. et al. Effect of niacinamide on collagen synthesis and markers of
    keratinocyte differentiation. In 60th Annual Meeting of the American Academy
    of Dermatology
    . 2002.

    [2] SURJANA
    D, Damian DL. Nicotinamide in dermatology and photoprotection. Skinmed. 2011
    Nov 1;9(6):360-5.

    [3] KAWADA,
    Akira, et al. Evaluation of anti‐wrinkle effects of a novel cosmetic containing
    niacinamide. The Journal of Dermatology 35, no. 10, 2008:
    637-642.

    [4] DRAELOS,
    Zoe D. The science behind skin care: moisturizers. Journal of cosmetic dermatology,
    2018, 17.2: 138-144.

    [5] ZHU,
    Jieyu, et al. Applications and delivery mechanisms of hyaluronic acid used for
    topical/transdermal delivery–a review. International journal of
    pharmaceutics
    , 2020, 578: 119127.

    [6] ABD ALSAHEB, Ramzi A., et al.
    Lactic acid applications in pharmaceutical and cosmeceutical industries. Journal
    of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research
    , 2015, 7.10: 729-735.

    [7] TAKINO,
    Y., et al. Zinc l‐pyrrolidone carboxylate inhibits the UVA‐induced production
    of matrix metalloproteinase‐1 by in vitro cultured skin fibroblasts, whereas it
    enhances their collagen synthesis. International journal of cosmetic science,
    2012, 34.1: 23-28.

    [8] ROSTAN,
    Elizabeth F., et al. Evidence supporting zinc as an important antioxidant for
    skin. International journal of dermatology, 2002, 41.9: 606-611.

    [9] LANG,
    Carol, et al. Anti-inflammatory effects of zinc and alterations in zinc
    transporter mRNA in mouse models of allergic inflammation. American Journal
    of Physiology-Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
    , 2007, 292.2:
    L577-L584.

    [10] HAKOZAKI,
    T. et al. The effect of niacinamide on reducing cutaneous pigmentation and
    suppression of melanosome transfer. British Journal of Dermatology 147,
    no. 1, 2002: 20-31.

    [11] ABDULLAH,
    K. M., et al. Inhibitory effect of vitamin B3 against glycation and reactive
    oxygen species production in HSA: An in vitro approach. Archives of
    biochemistry and biophysics
    , 2017, 627: 21-29.

    [12] BAINS,
    Pooja, et al. Nicotinamide: Mechanism of action and indications in dermatology.
    Indian journal of dermatology, venereology and leprology, 2018, 84: 234.

    [13] NADARZYNSKI,
    Alexandra; SCHOLZ, Jonas; SCHRÖDER, Markus S. Skin Barrier Enhancing
    Alternative Preservation Strategy of O/W Emulsions by Water Activity Reduction
    with Natural Multifunctional Ingredients. Cosmetics, 2022, 9.3: 53.

    [14] ALGIERT‐ZIELIŃSKA,
    Barbara; MUCHA, Paulina; ROTSZTEJN, Helena. Lactic and lactobionic acids as
    typically moisturizing compounds. International journal of dermatology,
    2019, 58.3: 374-379.

    [15] HUANG,
    Huey-Chun, et al. Lactic acid bacteria and lactic acid for skin health and
    melanogenesis inhibition. Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, 2020,
    21.7: 566-577.

    [16] TAKINO,
    Y., et al. Zinc l‐pyrrolidone carboxylate inhibits the UVA‐induced production
    of matrix metalloproteinase‐1 by in vitro cultured skin fibroblasts, whereas it
    enhances their collagen synthesis. International journal of cosmetic science,
    2012, 34.1: 23-28.

    [17] Online Access: https://cosmileeurope.eu/lt/inci/sudedamoji-dalis/14809/sodium-hyaluronate/

    [18] Online access: https://cosmileeurope.eu/lt/inci/sudedamoji-dalis/7749/lactic-acid/

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